Glossary of terms in Map History
My work has required me to rethink many terms in map history, revealed the ambiguity of more, and has suggested that some are not sufficiently well known, especially to incomers. I therefore offer the following as a guide to usage. The following is necessarily concerned with Anglophone terminology, although I refer to other languages when I think it appropriate to do so.
¶ flags usages that are inappropriate and should be avoided.
The terms are organized mostly alphabetically, as indicated in the following list. Each entry is also flagged by a broad category of terminology:
form – physical elements of maps
historiography — the practice of the study of early maps
idealization — concepts stemming from the ideal of cartography
map type — categories, genres, etc., of maps
mode — broad categories of mapping
cerography (a.k.a., wax engraving)
History + Cartography
history of cartography
mappamundi (pl. mappaemundi)
matrix (pl. matrices)