Glossary of terms in Map History

Introduction

My work has required me to rethink many terms in map history, revealed the ambiguity of more, and has suggested that some are not sufficiently well known, especially to incomers. I therefore offer the following as a guide to usage. The following is necessarily concerned with Anglophone terminology, although I refer to other languages when I think it appropriate to do so.

¶ flags inappropriate usages.

The terms are organized mostly alphabetically, as indicated in the following list. Each entry is also flagged by a broad category of terminology:

form – physical elements of maps
historiography — the practice of the study of early maps
idealization — concepts stemming from the ideal of cartography
map type — categories, genres, etc., of maps
mode — broad categories of mapping

Contents

analytical cartography

analytical mapping

card

cartobibliography

cartograph

cartography

cerography (a.k.a., wax engraving)

cognitive map

engraving

etching

geodesy

History + Cartography

historical cartography

history of cartography

impression

intaglio (printing)

map

map history

mappamundi (pl. mappaemundi)

mapping

matrix (pl. matrices)

mental map

mezzotint

modern

modern, early

planisphere

relief (printing)

sketch [map]

stereotype

support

typographic map

wood block

woodcut

wood engraving